Friday, August 28, 2020

Indian Retail Industry Essay Example

Indian Retail Industry Essay Official SUMMARY Retailing is the procedure that includes of selling merchandise or administrations straightforwardly to end customer for individual, non business use (Kotler, 2010). A retailer or retail location is a venture where they make volume significantly from retailing. Any firm offering its merchandise or administrations to the end shoppers whether it is maker, distributer, or retailer-is supposed to retail. It doesn’t matter how the merchandise or administrations are sold (might be by individual, through mail, phone) or where (from a store, by the road or in the user’s home). Before, retailers made sure about clients dependability by offering advantageous areas, uncommon or one of a kind assortment of products, more noteworthy or preferable administrations over contenders. Retailers battled in created nations on account of their soaked market and driving them to put resources into creating nations like India, China and so forth. What's more, India has been positioned fifth most great market for remote retailers, as indicated by AT Kearney’s GRDI (2012). An Industrial Analysis on Retail Industry mostly focusing on Food Grocery is done in the venture utilizing Qualitative strategies which incorporates PEST investigation, following mergers acquisitions and so on nd Quantitative techniques which incorporate correlation among the organizations and examination with the US markets. Certain constraint was confronted while looking for information however its ensured it is from a dependable and confided in source. 1 Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 2 1. 1. Outline Ret ailing is the procedure that includes of selling products or administrations legitimately to end purchaser for individual, non business use. Present day customers search for products and enterprises at store retailers, non store retailers and so on, however the most popular retailer is the departmental store. For the most part a retailer will in general purchase merchandise or administrations in huge amounts from makers or shippers hich may incorporate a mediator (distributer) or may straightforwardly buy from them and afterward sell those to the end †client buyer as little amounts or in singular things. Retailers can be considered as the finish of the gracefully chain, since they are last methods from which the purchaser gets their ideal products or administrations. Besides in the marketer’s perspective retailing assumes a significant job in the general dispersion system, which implies that to accomplish an effective gracefully chain the executives retailer is the prima ry source to evaluate the genuine interest in the market. We will compose a custom article test on Indian Retail Industry explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom paper test on Indian Retail Industry explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom paper test on Indian Retail Industry explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Some world driving retailers are (according to Revenue):1 1. Wal-Mart (US) 2. Carrefour (France) 3. Metro (Germany) 4. TESCO (UK) 5. Lidl Stiftury (Germany) The world market is found is experiencing constant change. What's more, particularly when retail showcase is consider, heaps of development and ferocious rivalry is watched. On the off chance that we consider in India the retail part establishes to 22% of GDP and gives 8% of work. 2 Indian retail area worth is seen as US$ 350 billion and is developing at a pace of 15-20%3, it is evaluated that the estimation of the retail division may increment up to US$ 450 by 2015. This high development rate has pulled in a large number of the outside financial specialists to put resources into India particularly in Grocery and Apparel as a piece of FDI in multi brand retail. 4 Top retailers in India are; 1. Dependence Fresh 2. Food Bazaar 1 2 www. moneycontrol. com www. ibef. organization 3 Pricewaterhousecooper research 4 Deloitte research 3. Spencers Mart 4. Increasingly 5. Nilgiris The composed retail segment is seen as just 5%, which shows an immense potential in retail part and evaluated to increment to 9% by 2015. Figure : 1. 1 Organized retail has colossal extent of extension Unorganized retail infiltration Organized retail entrance % 9% 20% 95% 91% 80% 2011-12 2015-16 2020-21 Source: Indian retail advertise sep 2011, Delioitte Aranca research 1. 2. Worldwide Scenario In the last piece of twentieth century, the world saw the rise of the retail business, significantly the general store found to predominant basic food item retail structure. What's more, w ith the most recent headway in the innovation like the scanner tag, RFID and so on permitted a store to oversee a large number of things and ‘just-in-time’ store recharging. PC worked calculated frameworks incorporated with the stores survey the customer request in a solitary electronic framework has prompted development of the retail area. However, with the soaked neighborhood advertise, high rivalry drove the significant retailers into the globalization however process. Also, simultaneously numerous legislature in the mid 1990’s have opened their economies welcoming for remote retail speculators. Anyway significant issue confronted is the monetary log jam that has come about because of the vulnerability in IT division and other money related spending. Additionally buyers themselves turned out to be significantly more cost cognizant, touchy to value climbs and moderate in their purchasing, especially in the created economies. 4 Even however, Retail industry keeps on being the world’s biggest private industry with above US$ 8. trillion deals overall yearly, this records about 10-15% of GDP for most economies. 5 Major business in a large portion of the economies: ? ? ? ? 18% in US 14% in Poland 9% in China 17% in Europe Biggest retail nations in world (according to deals) ? ? ? ? ? US EU China UK India US$ 4. 7 trillion US$ 2. 9 trillion US$ 800 billion US$ 498 billion US$ 350 billon So from the above information it is obvious that some creating nations like China and India made up to the top retailers on the planet, which shows the enormous potential for retail in these economies as significant piece of the retail is overwhelmed by the sloppy area. Retailers around the world; Table : 1. 1 Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 Country UK Spain France Germany Italy Switzerland % of International retailers present 55 51 49 47 45 42 5 www. Livemint. com 5 7 8 9 10 Austria UAE China Russia 42 41 40 39 Source: CB Richard Ellis, 2010 The above table shows the convergence of the universal retailer in to their economy, where UK bested the rundown and India positioned 44 in the rundown (as a great deal of explanations for the worldwide retailers are required). Study additionally reasoned that created economies are as yet the ideal markets for universal retailers. 1. 3. Indian Scenario The retail business in India is one of the most pulled in showcase on the planet. The significant purpose behind this is, the market is exceptionally disorderly. Practically 90% of the retail advertise is under sloppy segment where the business are run as kirana stores and privately-owned companies. The sorted out division is just under 10% which is extremely low contrasted with different nations like US, UK and so forth which are having half 70% composed areas. Practically all worldwide retailers are paying special mind to a chance to go into the Indian market as they most likely is aware the development of the segment in India. Despite the fact that food and staple is having the greatest piece of the pie of about 69% in the retail showcase, its offer in the sorted out market is just 3% which shows the retailers who are for the most part into food and basic food item area have a favorable position among different retailers. The exploration directed by Technopak announced that, in 2011 Indian food and staple part was evaluated to be USD 325 billion that represents the 69% of the general retail in India. This is required to develop to USD 425 billion before the finish of 2016 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate of 5. 5%. In this, the piece of the overall industry of the sorted out food and basic food item was evaluated at USD 9 billion which is relied upon to observe a development to USD 34 billion by 2016 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate of 30%. 6 The examination shows that there is an exponential development in the Indian sorted out food and basic food item area in the following scarcely any years. 1. 4. Significant Retailers in Food and Grocery The significant retailers in India are Reliance Fresh, Spencer Mart, More, Nilgiris and Big Bazaar. The different parts of these retailers are clarified in the accompanying segments of this report. As the sorted out food segment is little, the pieces of the pie of these retailers are truly hard to track down. 6 http://www. indianretailer. com/article/part watch/food-and-basic food item/Standing-against-one another 1489/6 1. 5. Examination Objectives 1. To distinguish the piece of the pie and nature of rivalry of Indian retail industry. 2. To comprehend the market division of the business. 3. To direct PEST investigation for the business. . To contemplate the contrast among independent and aggregate enhancement in the business. 5. To break down the mergers and acquisitions did in the business. 6. To consider the global introduction of the business. 7. To decide the advancements utilized in the business. 8. To examine the showcasing activities did by the business 9. To dissect the future possibilities of the business. 10. To Compare the Indian retail industry with US, UK and France. 7 Chapter 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE 8 2. 1. Presentation The size of Indian retail is about US $350 billion yet it is exceptionally disorderly. Indian retail is overwhelmed by 15mn autonomous retailers comprising of kirana stores, physicists, footwear shops, clothing shops, paan and bedi slows down, wheel barrow and asphalt merchants, which together makes up ‘unorganized market’. 7 But this circumstance won't be the equivalent in every case exceptionally with the way that worldwide organizations are attempting to enter Indian market. Financial specialists see India as an alluring venture goal. India remains at fourth alluring area for FDI (Ernst Young, 2012). In 2011, Global retail advancement file (GRDI) expressed that â€Å"time to enter Indian market is now†(Kearney,2011). Some significant retailers in India (Kumar, 2011)? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Food basic food item: Big Bazaar, Food Baz

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Jollibee Foods Essay Example For Students

Jollibee Foods Essay Jollibee Foods Corporation (A) From the concise portrayal for the situation, discover the fundamental structure and financial aspects of the cheap food industry. The cheap food industry started in California and spread all through the world. THe significant objective was to serve time-obliged clients by giving great quality food in a perfect eating condition and at a low cost. Gainfulness relied upon high client traffic and tight tasks the board. Store area was basic as it included huge ventures and high fixed expenses. Additionally key were severe activities the board and tight control on costs. Administration additionally needed to consistently be up to norm. Productivity was key when it came to work. So as to succeed and create brand acknowledgment, stores expected to establishment to grow rapidly and gain economies of scale. In spite of the fact that diversifying was vital, it was essential to keep chains steady and dependable. Based on this comprehension from 1 above, how was Jollibee ready to fabricate its prevailing situation in cheap food in the Philippines? What wellsprings of upper hand was it ready to create against McDonald’s in its home market? Jollibee had the main mover advantage in the Philippines advertise just as a solid comprehension of the Philippine purchaser. Since they had the option to enter the market before McDonalds and increase prevailing nearness they had the option to set the standard that McDonalds was held to. They were additionally ready to pick up piece of the pie that McDonalds at that point needed to take from Jollibee which is more troublesome than picking up piece of the overall industry when you are the main inexpensive food choice. Since the organizers and laborers were all Philippine, they had the option to tailor the menu to Philippine tastes. Jollibee burgers beat McDonalds burgers in trials unfailingly. This information on Philippines and Philippine culture helped Jollibee increase more prominent market strength when the Philippines experienced a time of political insecurity when one of their pioneers was assasinated. In contrast to remote speculators, who were off-put by the insecurity, Jollibee put intensely in Philippine venture and had the option to utilize that as a favorable position over McDonalds when the nation got steady and McDonalds started hoping to contribute. How might you assess Tony Kitchner’s adequacy as the principal head of Jollibee’s global division? Does his wide key push bode well? How adequately did he build up the association to execute his needs? Tony Kitchner was not exceptionally compelling as the principal head of Jollibee universal. Despite the fact that he brought an abundance of information and experience, it appeared he didn't see how to apply the best technique to global development for Jollibee. The main misstep he made was to come in and make such a huge new global division. This made a lot of grinding with the household division. On the off chance that he needed to grow viably he ought to have utilized the information and experience that the household division had as that was vital to their upper hand and achievement. His procedure appeared to be simply to extend as far and as quick as could be expected under the circumstances: planting the banner as he called it. He ought to have been increasingly particular and educated about the areas which he decided to grow to, and progressively engaged with the activities during the first year of tasks for establishments in quite a while. Rather than completely inquiring about the zones he decided to extend to and understanding the preferences and estimations of the various societies, he focused on expatriots which end up being an inadequate methodology. With the goal for Jollibee to mark themselves globally they can't concentrate exclusively on getting Philippinos to eat there. He ought to have inquired about how to engage the residential populace of the spots he was extending to. He additionally ought to have ensured that first establishments in quite a while were beneficial before including a bigger nearness in any of these nations. Kitchner needed to extend quick to get their name out there before other inexpensive food spots could get into different nations, to pick up the main mover advantage however he fail to ensure the name would have been related with very much run, effective eateries. .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 , .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 .postImageUrl , .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 .focused content territory { min-tallness: 80px; position: relative; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 , .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2:hover , .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2:visited , .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2:active { border:0!important; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 { show: square; progress: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-change: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; murkiness: 1; change: haziness 250ms; webkit-change: mistiness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2:active , .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2:hover { obscurity: 1; progress: darkness 250ms; webkit-change: obscurity 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 .focused content zone { width: 100%; position: relativ e; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 .ctaText { outskirt base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: striking; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content enhancement: underline; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2 .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; fringe: none; outskirt span: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; textual style weight: intense; line-stature: 26px; moz-fringe range: 3px; content adjust: focus; content improvement: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-tallness: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: total; right: 0; top: 0; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .uef3b6843f609 0fbf14efa59efe57aca2 .focused content { show: table; stature: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .uef3b6843f6090fbf14efa59efe57aca2:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Stuck In The Middle EssayThis is definitely not a decent methodology for such a little organization. In spite of the fact that his procedure was confused, he did deftly build up the worldwide division to execute his needs. He had the option to offer enough corporate help to the establishments to permit them to open and work adequately and rapidly. Despite the fact that this hurt his relationship with local, the worldwide division was all around equiped to complete his objectives. As Noli Tingzon, how might you manage the three choices depicted toward the finish of the case? How might you actualize your choice? Alternative 1: In vest in Papua New Guinea I figure he ought to put resources into Papua New Guinea. In spite of the fact that the populace is little contrasted with the Philippines (5mil contrasted with 75 mil), there is right now no feasible rivalry in the cheap food industry. They likewise have an excited and willing financial specialist who is eager to set up the capital for the stores, which expels a ton of hazard for Jollibee. Alternative 2: Expand in Hong Kong Tingzon ought not extend further in Hong Kong. The stores that are right now there are attempting to adjust to the Chinese market and the first store is by all accounts the focal point of Phillipine expat traffic. So as to extend in Hong Kong, Tingzon should initially get the stores that are as of now working in China in the groove again. A portion of their most concerning issues are their absence of capacity to draw in Chinese laborers, and their powerlessness to engage Chinese tastes. These are crucial issues that won't be fixed by including more stores and increasing more brand acknowledgment. These are center issues that will keep on being issues in new stores. Making sense of how to take care of these issues for the current stores ought to be his concentration until further notice. Choice 3: Invest in California Tingzon ought to put resources into California. They have a 40% financial specialist arranged as of now and one of the biggest Phillipine expat populaces yet. It has been demonstrated in earlier development that at any rate the primary store opened in a region with a high populace of Phillipines would be effective and it is engaging that there is anything but a high convergence of cheap food puts in the region. Tingzon ought to be cautious anyway that the stores don't turn into a pride image of placing stores in McDonalds lawn. Having a lot of pride related with the stores will make the organization lose site of its goals.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Sophocles Oedipus the King and Cocteaus The Infernal Machine Essay

Sophocles' Oedipus the King and Cocteau's The Infernal Machine  â â Sophocles' Oedipus the King and Cocteau's The Infernal Machine relate a similar story, yet from very various edges. Sophocles' play is written in uplifted language and burns through 1,530 lines on an hour of time. Then again, Cocteau's characters talk informally, and his 96 pages spread 17 years, putting significantly more accentuation on the occasions before where Sophocles starts his play. Sophocles and Cocteau present Oedipus' character in various lights, and through these characters express opposite subjects. Sophocles' pleased at this point savvy Oedipus uncovers that a human's future is controlled by his activities, while Cocteau's haughty yet juvenile Oedipus proposes that humans' destinies are totally foreordained by the divine beings. In the two plays Oedipus seems to have extraordinary pride; while Sophocles' shrewd Oedipus has purpose behind his pride, Cocteau's stupid Oedipus is pompous without cause. Sophocles' Oedipus illuminates the (sphinx's) enigma by (his) mind alone.(Soph .O.T. 397) The Sphinx sits making progress toward Thebes and slaughters any individual who can not answer her puzzle until Oedipus shows up, settles the question, and spares Thebes. It is now that he becomes King of Thebes and rules his kin well. He doesn't have the foggiest idea about that he has murdered his dad, the previous lord, and wedded his mom. At the point when his essence in Thebes makes a plague strike the city, he truly searches out the solution for his city's predicament. <block quote>I realize you are for the most part wiped out, yet there isn't one of you, debilitated however you are, that is as wiped out as I myself. Your few distresses each have single extension and contact yet one of you. My soul moans for city and myself and you immediately. You have not stirred m... ...sary of Literary Terms, seventh ed. New York: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1999. Cocteau, Jean. (1963). The Infernal Machine and different plays. (Bermel, Albert.). New York: New Directions. Ehrenberg, Victor. â€Å"Sophoclean Rulers: Oedipus.† In Twentieth Century Interpretations of Oedipus Rex, altered by Michael J. O’Brien. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968. Jaeger, Werner. â€Å"Sophocles’ Mastery of Character Development.† In Readings on Sophocles, altered by Don Nardo. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 1997. Sophocles. (1991). Sophocles I: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone (Grene, David.). Chicago: University of Chicago.â Sophocles. Oedipus Rex. Transl. by F. Storr. no pag. blended new?tag=public&images=images/modeng&data=/writings/english/modeng/parsed&part=0&id=SopOedi   Sophocles' Oedipus the King and Cocteau's The Infernal Machine Essay Sophocles' Oedipus the King and Cocteau's The Infernal Machine  â â Sophocles' Oedipus the King and Cocteau's The Infernal Machine relate a similar story, yet from very various points. Sophocles' play is written in elevated language and burns through 1,530 lines on an hour of time. Then again, Cocteau's characters talk casually, and his 96 pages spread 17 years, putting significantly more accentuation on the occasions preceding where Sophocles starts his play. Sophocles and Cocteau present Oedipus' character in various lights, and through these characters express opposite subjects. Sophocles' pleased at this point shrewd Oedipus uncovers that a human's future is dictated by his activities, while Cocteau's haughty yet youthful Oedipus recommends that humans' destinies are totally foreordained by the divine beings. In the two plays Oedipus seems to have outrageous pride; while Sophocles' sharp Oedipus has purpose behind his pride, Cocteau's absurd Oedipus is egotistical without cause. Sophocles' Oedipus settles the (sphinx's) puzzle by (his) mind alone.(Soph .O.T. 397) The Sphinx sits making progress toward Thebes and slaughters any individual who can not answer her puzzle until Oedipus shows up, explains the enigma, and spares Thebes. It is now that he becomes King of Thebes and rules his kin well. He doesn't have the foggiest idea about that he has slaughtered his dad, the previous ruler, and wedded his mom. At the point when his quality in Thebes makes a plague strike the city, he earnestly searches out the remedy for his city's situation. <block quote>I realize you are for the most part wiped out, yet there isn't one of you, wiped out however you are, that is as debilitated as I myself. Your few distresses each have single extension and contact yet one of you. My soul moans for city and myself and you without a moment's delay. You have not energized m... ...sary of Literary Terms, seventh ed. New York: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1999. Cocteau, Jean. (1963). The Infernal Machine and different plays. (Bermel, Albert.). New York: New Directions. Ehrenberg, Victor. â€Å"Sophoclean Rulers: Oedipus.† In Twentieth Century Interpretations of Oedipus Rex, altered by Michael J. O’Brien. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968. Jaeger, Werner. â€Å"Sophocles’ Mastery of Character Development.† In Readings on Sophocles, altered by Don Nardo. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 1997. Sophocles. (1991). Sophocles I: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone (Grene, David.). Chicago: University of Chicago.â Sophocles. Oedipus Rex. Transl. by F. Storr. no pag. blended new?tag=public&images=images/modeng&data=/writings/english/modeng/parsed&part=0&id=SopOedi  Â

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Idiots Guide to College Research Paper Buy

The Idiot's Guide to College Research Paper Buy Financial aspect shouldn't be ignored also. The results of a purchases paper on the internet can demonstrate the importance of relying on experts for such aid. Buying something online, the same as a range of other on-line possibilities, is a great. The system of corporate taxation on earth economy gives loan financing with one important benefit. The Key to Successful College Research Paper Buy After reading the thesis, there ought to be no doubt precisely what the research will be about. Anyone reading the research paper ought to be in a position to locate precisely what you're speaking about by viewing the links to your sources. Writing a research paper demands knowledge of formal essay writing, but with the correct info, writing an excellent research paper is not hard. A research paper that concerns scientific issues isn't only a free-style essay where you are able to tell readers whatever you desire. It is normal for a site offering totally free essays to have a searchable database of hundreds of reports so that students can observe examples of various essay forms on a selection of unique topics. Also, when students start looking for free essays, they need to make sure the completely free essays they select meet the size demands of an assignment and contain the ideal parts of information. When a student obtains a completely free essay, it is ordinarily written for some topic. New Step by Step Roadmap for College Research Paper Buy The capacity to inform your readers and leave a durable impact is the thing that makes an excellent research paper. Choose something you would like to find out more about or are already acquainted with and you'll discover it far simpler to write on a subject which you find interesting and you're going to need less research paper help. Other students may use totally free term papers so as to learn about the content that ought to be included in thei r very own document. The thesis statement needs to be complete, and the remainder of the paper ought to be in line with it. It is possible to also recap the remaining portion of the paper here. Click the name of the paper you're on the lookout for. First you should understand what paper you demand. No paper written for one more client is used for a different customer. Don't hesitate to opt for any document you will need. There are a number of sources that provide term papers free of charge. Many students search for a totally free research paper they can use as their own assignment draft or example of suitable form and fashion. So, first of all, a college research paper has to be informative. Research work in college can be flexible particularly when the professor enables you to pick a topic all on your own. The many years they've spent writing college papers for students give them with the capacity to supply excellent papers. One of the chief obstacles many students face when wanting to purchase PhD thesis is that a lot of providers only provide a narrow selection of subjects that. A PhD degree is considerably more serious than simply buying a normal diploma or a certificate. It's quite understandable for students to look for online sources to purchase PhD thesis. It is essential for students to bear in mind that a thesis is a really specific kind of writing assignment. A thesis is a writing assignment that needs students to research a specific subject and finish an objective report for their findings. You could be thinking about why college students would decide to purchase college papers online when they can do it by themselves. For students to discover the resources that are suitable for them, they should determine the reason why they will need to have a term paper free of charge and what they will use it for. With the many activities that they have on their daily schedules, it can be hard to find the time to all the requisite research and writing. On the other hand, they find it easier to keep up with school with many tools they can use to research, learn, and organize.

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill - 1098 Words

A major example of our failure to learn from the past was the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, which happened on 20 April 2010. The whole explosion which devastated the oil platform caused 11 deaths. These deaths could have been prevented if BP Oil, the operators of the platform, had only heeded the lessons of the past. â€Å"Learn from the mistakes of the past or you will be doomed to repeat them,† is a statement used by historical scholars. This statement holds true for many areas of life, from politics to human tragedies to war, but it holds the most weight when it comes to learning from mistakes made when responding to manmade disasters, in particular oil spills. When comparing to the past events, there are similarities in many cases that are evident. If BP had taken what was learned from the many accidents in the past, and applied it going forward, the Deep Horizon disaster might have been preventable. The main lesson to be learned from the Deepwater Horizon for anyone operating in the field is that safety cannot be disregarded in the quest for earnings. When the lives of your workers, and to some extent the world, are in the balance, corporations need to make use of all avenues of safety available. The very first thing that is often disregarded in the pursuit of profit is safety. This is the issue when dealing with large corporations and the pressures to the shareholders to be profitable. Introduction (with Scope) (3 pages) Oil Spills, their impact on the environment,Show MoreRelatedDeepwater Horizon Oil Spill1102 Words   |  5 PagesElizalde Exam Essay 1 The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was an oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico which flowed for three months in 2010. This spill had a catastrophic on the environment causing extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats as well as killing 11 workers and injuring 17 others. This spill is the â€Å"worst environmental disaster the US has faced†, according to White House energy adviser Carol Browner. Why did this occur? The staff of the BP Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore drillingRead MoreThe Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill1816 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill) occurred in the Gulf of Mexico in April of 2010. The spill had detrimental physical, chemical, and biological effects throughout ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill being the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the United States, makes it a very important event in US history. During the event many coastal areas along the Gulf of Mexico were coated with oil, including theRead MoreThe Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill2022 Words   |  9 PagesDeepwater Horizon Oil Spill The Context Before the occurrence of the Deepwater Horizon event, BP had already been labelled as having a horrible safety record. A 2009 report by the United States Department of Labour Occupational Safety and Health Administration (Todd Petterson , 2009), indicated that BP had 270 existing fines of a ‘failure to abate’ and 439 ‘wilful violations’ of various safety protocols. At the time of the disaster the regulators of the oil industry in the United States was theRead MoreThe Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Essay2353 Words   |  10 PagesThe e Deepwater Horizon oil spill at the Macondo well began on April 20, 2010, in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect. An explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig on 20 April 2010 killed 11 people and caused almost 5 million barrels of oil to flow into the Gulf of Mexico. The spill covered 68,000 square miles of land and sea and triggered a response effort involving the use of nearly 2 million gallons of dispersant chemicals (Pallardy). Considered the largest accidentalRead MoreThe Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill1886 Words   |  8 PagesProfessor Read November 2014 The Deepwater Horizon oil spill, also known as the BP oil spill was located in the Gulf of Mexico in April 2010. This was the largest due to the impact it had on the environment. The oil company British Petroleum, chartered a mobile drilling rig that was drilling a deep exploratory well thousands of feet below the sea level. The rig was located in the Macondo Prospect in the Mississippi Canyon. The spill was first discovered when large amounts of oil were starting to spread aroundRead MoreThe Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill2180 Words   |  9 PagesThe Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill occurred on April 20, 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico. This oil spill was the largest spill in history in front of the Exxon Valdez oil spill of 1989. This oil spill released about 4.9 million barrels of oil into the ocean. This spill not only wreck havoc on the marine life but also the economic players that depended on ocean such as fisherman, tourism, and offshore drilling located along the gulf coast. Along will the spill the oil rig which was named Deepwater HorizonRead MoreAnalyzing Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill4163 Words   |  17 Pageswater, fish, beaches, reefs, marshes, oil and gas-- are the financial engine of the area. USDC (2012) asserts that the Gulf of Mexico is similarly essential to the whole country as an abundant source of meals, energy and entertainment. The Gulf Coasts distinct culture and natural charm are world-renowned. There is no location like it anywhere else on Earth (USDC, 2012). USDC (2012) reports that on April 20, 2010 examinations of the world concentrated on an oil platform in the Gulf, around 50 milesRead MoreBp The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Of 2010758 Words   |  4 PagesPrior to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill of 2010, BP had a positive reputation for promoting corporate sustainability and creating sustainable energy. In the wake of the oil spill, however, BP proved that it was not on the right track despite the proclamation to its constituents of the exact opposite. There is a popular adage â€Å"almost doesn’t count.† BP’s investment in research directed toward minimizing negative environmental impact while conducting business and accomplishing major undertakingsRead More Impact of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on the Environment1549 Words   |  7 PagesThe Deepwater Horizon spill occurred on 20 April 2010 and was caused by an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig that killed 11 workers and injured 17 more. The drilling rig, located 66 kilometers southeast of the Louisiana coast, left an oil gusher that was finally capped on July 15, almost 2 months later. This was the largest accidental marine oil spill in history and the largest offshore environmental disaster in the United States (Telegraph, New York Times, BBC News). It is estimatedRead MoreDeepwater Horizon Oil Spill: the Bp Disaster2305 Words   |  10 PagesAP Environmental Science Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The BP Disaster The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was one of the most infamous industrial environmental disasters ever. On April 20, 2010, a marine oil-drilling dig called the Deepwater Horizon exploded, releasing hundreds of millions of gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. This explosion resulted in the loss of human life, massive environmental damage, and widespread damage to the livelihood of people living along the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

multicultural counseling Essay - 762 Words

Multicultural Counseling nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;After reading the many articles on the notion of diagnosis and counseling with multicultural/ethnic patients, it has come to my attention that this focus is solely based on stereotypical attitudes. Sure, it can be said that it is important for a therapist to have a background of the patient’s heritage and culture, but doesn’t this necessarily mean that the outlook of the therapist will be put in a box by doing so? I think multicultural competency is a ridiculous way to improve patient-therapist relationships because of several reasons. First off, generalities and race-centralisms only hinder, not improve, the inner workings of a therapy session. Second, there is no real way to test†¦show more content†¦This bias will be formed in the â€Å"classroom† in which multicultural competency takes place. If therapists are taught certain things about certain races, they have no choice but to implement these issues into their practice. I t hink the implementation of any sort of knowledge is absolutely dependent on the patient and what is the nature of their illness. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;If there is a model for competency involving multicultural issues, the therapist, especially, is forced to look at the information taught to s/he in the study for the competency. After going through the process of understanding multicultural issues (however this is possible) and having passed the â€Å"exam† that tells them that they are multiculturally competent, a strange occurrence will take place when putting these studies into practical use in the therapy environment. Let’s say that therapist Dr. Harry Potter has a new patient coming in for the first time today. Her name is Janet Lee. Already by having been a part of society for 40 some years, Potter makes the assumption that Lee is a Chinese name; therefore his new patient is Chinese. Potter then puts on his therapists’ hat and thinks back to what he learned in his competency class about Chinese patients. He remembers what he learned of their relationships with their parents, their understandings of the US and how they feel about therapy. Now Janet walks in. They began conversing. Janet begins to feelShow MoreRelatedEthics in Multicultural Counseling3154 Words   |  13 PagesEthical Issues in Multicultural Counseling Abstract In the past, counselors have lacked the knowledge and skills to interpret ethical guidelines in multicultural counseling. The ethical guidelines dictate how a counselor should have the necessary tools when conducting a counseling session. There is a shortfall of training and education when dealing with race, ethnicity, and cultural backgrounds in today’s society. Ethics is a hot topic for counselors, partially because there are so many differentRead MoreMulticultural Group Counseling : An Effective Multicultural Counselor855 Words   |  4 PagesMulticultural group counseling takes place when a counselor and/or clients are from differing cultural, race, and/or ethnicity groups. Due to the significant demographic changes that are occurring in the United States, multiculturalism is becoming increasingly important. When acting as a multicultural group counselor, it is important to modify techniques to reflect the cultural differences of the client, be prepared to deal with difficulties during the counseling process, and understand the wayRead More Multicultural Counseling Critique Essay1004 Words   |  5 PagesMulticultural Counseling Critique: Counseling Utilization by Ethnic Minority College Students Although the practice of counseling has evolved considerably since its inception, the concept of multicultural competence remains novel. Engrossed in the lives of every clinician are underlined biases and prejudices that act as filters in which every interaction with a clients is affected. Current research on the topic of multicultural counseling has shown that although multicultural awareness is on theRead MoreMulticultural Counseling Is The Hour Of The Need1204 Words   |  5 Pages Multicultural counseling has been on the rise since the 20th century and so far plenty of literature highlighting the need of it has been published. The practice is getting more and more popular because the idea is fully in line with the dynamics of the modern world. In diverse regions like US, where the population is composed of culturally different people, multicultural counseling becomes more of a necessity. Thus, the emergence of programs based on multicultural counseling is the hour of theRead MoreEssay on A Career in Multicultural Counseling491 Words   |  2 PagesThe basic concepts and purposes of multicultural counseling include the following answers. The main purpose of multicultural counseling is creating a positive and friendly environment, when counseling clients from an ethical or racial background or minority group. The main goal for counselors is to recognize issues of multicultural diversity in today’s society. These potential clients can include people in business, medical, or manufacturing as well as, students, and immigrants. The culture centeredRead MoreMulticultural Counseling Is Becoming A Imperative As A Part Of Counseling Professional Essay2184 Words   |  9 Pages​Multicultural counseling is becoming more imperative as a part of counseling professional’s training and education due to the continuing increase of diversity within our population (Sue Sue, 2016). The European Western frame from which counseling professionals have based their practices on, are not adhering to the different cultures and how different cultures respond to these practices. Each person belonging to a different culture can often respond negatively to the non-cultural specific practicesRead MoreMulticultural counseling, diversity counseling, counseling diverse populations, APA references.2828 Words   |  12 PagesThe Hidden Minority Upon hearing multicultural counseling, culturally diverse counseling, or counseling of diverse populations most people may think of groups that differ from the dominant culture in our society, such as, race, culture, ethnicity, etc. Many people do not think beyond these categories to consider a second tier of diversity, for instance, age, disability, sexual orientation, etc. What is the dominant culture? In most references the comparison is associated with the White Euro-AmericanRead MoreReflection Paper : Multicultural Counseling And Psychology1256 Words   |  6 Pageswhen and what classes I have had the same experience, I recall Multicultural Counseling and Psychology. Stepping out my comfort zone is what really came to mind. Growing up in a society that has changed so much over the years you would think that I would be used to it; however, asking to look at your community with a different set of eyes is uncomfortable and brings feelings of disbelief most of the time. During my multicultural class my instructor asked us to explain what culture we were aRead MoreMulticultural Counseling: Trends, Expectations, and Evolving Standards645 Words   |  3 PagesMulticultural counseling: Trends, expectations, and evolving standards The relationship of a counselor to his or her client can be troubled when the two come from different cultural backgrounds. As counselors incorporate a greater awareness of their clients culture into their theory and practice, they must realize that, historically, cultural differences have been viewed as deficits (Romero, 1985). Adherence to white cultural values has brought about a naive imposition of narrowly defined criteriaRead MoreDeveloping Multicultural Counseling Competence : A Systems Approach1243 Words   |  5 Pagesconsidering concomitant issues related to classism, discuss the unique counseling challenges associated with each group. Support your assertions. Submit your thread by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Thursday of Module/Week 2. Submit your replies by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 2. Hays, D. G., Erford, B. T. (2014). Developing multicultural counseling competence: A systems approach (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Pearson. In counseling there are many factors to consider. The United States is one of the

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Artificial Life Essay Example For Students

Artificial Life Essay Artificial life (commonly called a-life) is the term applied collectively to attempts being made to develop mathematical models and computer simulations of the ways in which living organisms develop, grow, and evolve. Researchers in this burgeoning field hope to gain deeper insights into the nature of organic life as well as into the further possibilities of COMPUTER science and robotics (see ROBOT). A-life techniques are also being used to explore the origins and chemical processes of metabolism. Some investigators have even proposed that some digital life in computers might already be considered a real life form.BackgroundThe term artificial life was coined in the 1980s by Christopher Langdon, a computer scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Santa Fe Institute. Langdon organized the first experimental workshop on the subject at Santa Fe in 1987. Since then other a-life conferences have taken place, drawing increasingly wider attention and a growing number of participa nts.Theoretical studies of a-life, however, had been in progress long before the 1980s. Most notably, the Hungarian-born U.S. mathematician John VON NEUMANN, one of the pioneers of computer science, had begun to explore the nature of very basic a-life formats called cellular automata (see AUTOMATA, THEORY OF) in the 1950s. Cellular automata are imaginary mathematical cells-analogous to checkerboard squares-that can be made to simulate physical processes by subjecting them to certain simple rules called algorithms (see ALGORITHM). Before his death, von Neumann had developed a set of algorithms by which a cellular automaton-a box shape with a very long tail-could reproduce itself.Another important predecessor of a-life research was Dutch biologist Aristid Lindenmeyer. Interested in the mathematics of plant growth, Lindenmeyer found in the 1960s that through the use of a few basic algorithms-now called Lindenmeyer systems, or L-systems-he could model biochemical processes as well as tr acing the development of complex biological forms such as flowers. Computer-graphics programs now make use of L-systems to yield realistic three-dimensional images of plants.The significance of Lindenmeyers contribution is evident in the fact that so-called genetic algorithms are now basic to research into a-life as well as many other areas of interest. Genetic algorithms, first described by computer scientist John Holland of the University of Michigan in the 1970s, are comparable to L-systems. A computer worker trying to answer some question about a-life sets up a system-an algorithm-by which the computer itself rapidly grades the multiple possible answers that it has produced to the question. The most successful of the solutions are then used to develop new software that yields further solutions, and the cycle is repeated through several generations of answers.Evolutionary ModelingLangdon himself picked up on the work of von Neumann by attempting to design an a-life form on a comp uter screen. In 1979 he finally succeeded in developing loop-shaped objects that actually reproduced themselves, over and over again. As new generations spread outward from the initial organisms they left dead generations inside the expanding parameter. Langdon noted that the behavior of these a-life forms genuinely mimicked real-life processes of mutation and evolution. He eventually proposed that a-life studies could provide keys to understanding the logical form of any living systems, known or unknown.One of the most striking a-life simulations of evolutionary processes has been the work of Thomas Ray of the University of Delaware, who in 1990 set in motion a world of computer programs that he called Tierra. The world started out with a single ancestor, a program containing 80 instructions. A-life evolution proceeded as mutations rapidly appeared. The new forms included parasites that interacted with the original host forms, producing further mutations of hosts and parasites that learned to deal with one another anew in each succeeding generation.Bibliography:Braitenberg, Valentino, ;a href= ;Vehicles: Experiments in Synthetic Psychology;IMG border=0 alt=icon width=1 height=1 src= ; (1984)Langdon, Christopher, ed., Artificial Life (1988)Levy, Steven, ;a href= ;Artificial Life;IMG border=0 alt=icon width=1 height=1 src= ; (1992)Pagels, H. R., The Dreams of Reason (1988)Prata, Stephen, ;a href=http://click.lin ;Artificial Life;IMG border=0 alt=icon width=1 height=1 src= ; (1993) .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 , .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 .postImageUrl , .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 , .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0:hover , .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0:visited , .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0:active { border:0!important; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0:active , .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0 .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u7e529aa00b257572d361fb41ddc41df0:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Technetium Essay